Russian officials and employees of state companies may be unable to leave Russia.
The investigation of the Sistema project showed that the management of state-owned companies is prohibited from traveling abroad, and ordinary employees, under the threat of dismissal, are forced to hand over their passports ‘for safekeeping’ to a special department.
Not only employees who had access to state secrets, but also any employees of state-owned companies in general, were subject to restrictions on their rights.
Depending on their position, they have either a direct ban on traveling outside of Russia or recommendations not to visit ‘unfriendly countries’.
The Russian system of passportization provides for the presence of two passports – internal and foreign. The internal passport of Russia is a paper analogue of the ID Card. It indicates the place of registration of a citizen, his marital status, the presence of children and military registration.
You cannot travel abroad with an internal Russian passport (*).
To do this, a foreign passport is issued, which must be changed every 5-10 years, depending on whether biometrics is included in the accounting data.
* Citizens of Russia can visit 6 countries presenting an internal Russian passport: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, South Ossetia.